Paramotor is the generic name for the
harness and propulsive portion of a powered paraglider ("PPG"). There
are two basic types of paramotors: foot launch and wheel launch.
Foot launch models consist of a frame with
harness, fuel tank, engine, and propeller. A hoop with protective netting
primarily keeps lines out of the propeller. The unit is worn like a large
backpack to which a Paraglider is attached through carabiners.
Wheel launch units either come as complete
units with their own motor, or as an add-on to a foot launch paramotor. They
usually have 3 (trike) or 4 (quad) wheels, with seats for one or two occupants.
These should not be confused with Powered Parachutes which are generally much
heavier, more powerful, and have different steering.
Paramotor (动力伞) 源自英文
Paramotoring is Paragliding with an
auxiliary motor attached to the pilot. The CAA has defined this recently
legitimized form of powered flight as a foot launched self-propelled Hang
glider (SPHG). This does not mean that Paramotors are deregulated, They still
have to comply with all U.K. aviation law, and some specific restrictions of
their own (Click Image to read PDF syllabus here). However these small aircraft
allow you the freedom of the skies, with less red tape and costs than any other
powered aircraft. With the ability to be able to take off from a small flat
field and climb a Paramotor can fly just like any other aircraft. Para motors
can have enough fuel to fly for between 2.5 - 4 hrs, can climb to around 500'
per minute and fly at between 25 to 45 mph. At Axis training we have a lot of
experience with Paramotoring, our first flights were in 1993 on Scobojets, and
we have learned a lot and developed great teaching techniques ever since. We
prefer if possible to have most of our Paramotorists, learn as much on the
paraglider as they can prior to flying a Paramotor. This helps them become much
better, safer and more confident pilots.
A powered paraglider trike landing
Lightweight carts or "trikes"
(called "quads" if they have four wheels) can also be mounted on powered
paragliders for those who prefer not to, or are unable to, foot launch. Some
are permanent units.
In the United States, if the aircraft meets
the ultralight definitions, no license is required. In the UK, trike-mounted
paramotors are still classified as 'self-propelled hang-gliders' if the
"performance of the aircraft remains equivalent to one that can be
foot-launched." . However, even in these countries, if the machine has
two seats it is no longer an ultralight. In the US such a craft would be governed
under the Sport Pilot rules and regulated as a light sport aircraft powered
parachute which requires an aircraft N-number and pilots must be licensed.
Safety and regulations
Research estimates that the activity is
slightly safer (per event) than riding motorcycles and more dangerous than
riding in cars. The most likely cause of serious injury is body contact with
a spinning propeller. The next most likely cause of injury is flying into
something other than the landing zone. Some pilots carry a reserve parachute
designed to open in as little as 50 ft (15 m).
The lack of established design criteria for
these aircraft led the British Air Accidents Investigation Branch to conclude
in 2007 that "Only when precise reserve factors have been established for
individual harness/wing combinations carrying realistic suspended masses, at
load factors appropriate to the maneuvers to be carried out, can these aircraft
be considered to be structurally safe"
上海翼舞航空科技有限公司致力于运动、休闲，以科技创新实现高品质管理的追求。翼舞深耕行业多年，始终以客户的需求为向导，为客户提供高品质的[ "动力伞", "滑翔伞", "飞行", "热汽球" ]。依托效率源扎实的技术积累、完善的产品体系、深厚的行业基础，目前拥有员工数5人以下，年营业额达到10万元以下。翼舞始终关注运动、休闲行业。海纳百川，有容乃大，国内外同行的智慧都是促使我们前行的力量。